Sri Matre Namaha
Srimath simhaneshwari – The third name in Lalitha Sahasranamam.
Srimaccha tatsimhasanamcca Tasyasevari – The great queen on the Lion throne
This name can be split into three parts, Shrimat + Simhasana + Ishwari
Simhaabinamasanamiti simhasanam tasyesvari – simha=lion. goddess seated on the lion also simavahini
Srimat : The names of great men and great things have the honorific word Srimat prefixed to them like Shrimat Bhagavad Gita, Shrimat Dnyaneshwari, etc.
simha = himsarthakah:
simha is derived from the root himsa – which means to destroy and asana derived from the root “as” which means driving out and Isvari means powerful. The collective meaning of these two words mean total annihilation. So she is the powerful goddess who destroys the universe
Simhasan : The throne occupied by king, is called Simhasan (in other words the best seat).
Another split is, Simha means the lion and Aasan means the seat. Together Simhasan explains the Strength of the one who shall have the Lion Seat.
Ishwari : The Devi or Goddess.,
Simhasanam (simhasana mantranam) + Isvari
There are 5 Simhasana mantras and she is the presiding deity of these simhasana mantra
The complete meaning is, the Goddess or Queen who is the ruler sitting on the lion-throne. She is the one who is complete powerful.
Lalitha as the queen of queens is sitting on a lion. Lion is associated with ferociousness. Lion is also known as the king of animals. The supreme queen is using lion as her vehicle. This description of Lalitha talks about her role as the supreme dissolver. Simha in Sanskrit means lion. The root for the word simha derived from the word himsa. Himsa in Sanskrit means destruction. srimat+simha+asanam+Ishwari . Srimat means the supreme respect given to her in her capacity as the destroyer of the universe, simha means lion, asanam means seat (here it means throne), ishwari means powerful. The first three namas of this sahasranamam begin with the letter Sri. Sri means prosperity, wealth, etc. This bijam Sri represents the goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth. She is the wife of Sri Mahavishnu. This nama also indicates that the worshipper of Lalitha will get all material prosperity. According to Jnanarnavam, one of the ancient texts, there are eight mantras called simhasana mantras to be performed on the four sides of the bindu in the Sri Chakra and one in the bindu itself. Twenty four goddesses are worshiped in this simhasana mantra. This nama also means that Lalitha is the ishwari for these 24 devis. The first three namas refer to the supreme nature of Lalitha, the creator, the sustainer and the dissolver. As far as her act of dissolution is concerned, she destroys those who commit sinful acts. But she ensures that her true devotees are merged with her. This merger is called ‘layam’.
priya Athma bAndhavAh,
When once the guru has passed the manthra by sakthipAtha order, that mantra will penetrate into the body, mind and prAna of the siShya and begins to dominate all of the possessions of the siShya. Then the siShya will be called as sreemath or sreemanth.
That manthra becomes visible to him in his prAna sakthi in the form of the deity as he is desiring and describing in a DhyAna sloka. That vision is none other than his own self, appearing to him avertedly, because he is longing to see his own image. That is why it shows itself as an image in the mirror. So it is called the “pratyak+Athma”. This pratyagAthma is having full control over the five senses of the sAdhaka, dragging them all towards him and making the sAdhaka a perfect self possessed and a strong willed DhErah (“kaschid dhErah pratyagAthmAnamaikshat”)
The lion (simha) has got another name ‘panchAnanam’. This can be interpreted as not only having control over the five senses (faces), but as pancha brahmas also, as all of them were described as pancha preithas. Because of this manthra (prAna) sakthi all of those five become activated and the sAdhaka will say “ayam Athma brahma” i.e., this pratyagAthma is the soul of brahma