Haranetragni-sandagdha-kamasanjivanowshadha   Leave a comment

Sri Matre Namaha

Haranetragni-sandagdha-kamasanjivanowshadha – The Eighty Fourth name in Lalitha Sahasranamam.


She was the life giving medicine to manmatha who was burnt up by the fire from the third eye of shiva.

She who is a life-giving medicine to Kama (God of Love, viz., cupid) who was totally burnt by the fire from the eye of Lord Siva

The word Haranetra= third eye of Siva, sanjivani=life giving medicine. This story occurs in the BrmdP. The story narrates how Devi who had enchanted even Her husband (Siva) though he had renounced (the world) at the behest of Brahma, etc., restored Manmatha to life. This agress with the Nyaya that “children rebuked by the father are consoled by the mother”.

haraha (atmasvarupapaharah), tasyameta, sa eva a (samantat vyaptah) agnih (mulajnanam) tena samyag dagdhah yah kamah, tasya samyag jivane (svasvarupavaptau) osadhih (mulika)

Who is the remedy in the revival of the soul which was completely burnt by the fire (of ignorance) which is the leader of Hara (concealment of true nature)

Manmata, the god of love was burnt by the third eye of Shiva. She resurrected Manmata. Sanjivana is an herbal medicine that causes resurrection. Therefore she is praised as sanjivana for Manmata. The motherly nature of Lalitha is highlighted here. Manmata is the son of Shiva and Shakthi. When father is angry with his child, only the mother comes to its rescue. When Shiva was angry with Manmata, Lalitha came to his rescue. Shiva is a strict disciplinarian. There is a saying that when Shiva is angry, Guru can save a person and if Guru is angry Shiva cannot and will not save that person. Here Lalitha is in the form of a Guru which is substantiated in a later nama 603. Shiva was angry with Manmata and burnt him. But as a Guru, Lalitha saved Manmata. But this explanation contradicts the general statement that Paramashiva is the Supreme Guru or aathi guru (the first Guru).

Shiva is worshiped in Sri Chakra in guru mandala as Paramashivanandanadar. Hara also means the real nature of the self. Neta means showing the way. Agni, the fire that exists everywhere and also causes destruction (one of the acts of agni is destruction). Shiva sutra ends by saying that that consciousness of a yogi is there both inwardly and out worldly. Agni exists both inwardly and out worldly. Agni is used in the all the three acts of God).Therefore haranetragni means that which shows the path to the supreme self, causing the destruction of desires (kama) etc which acts as blockades to the realisation. The existence of agni everywhere could also mean the existence of ignorance everywhere. Ignorance is compared to darkness and the darkness is removed by the presence of agni. The secretive meaning is that liberation means knowing the inner self which is possible by only by eradication ignorance or avidya. When ignorance is removed, what you have is knowledge or vidya. That is why the worship of Lalitha is called Sri Vidya.

Burning of Manmata is the removal of avidya and his resurrection is vidya. Manamata before his killing was an embodiment of avidya that mainly comprises of ego and resurrected Manmata is with pure knowledge. His ego was burnt by Shiva and knowledge was given to him by Shakthi. This nama possibly could also mean the power of the third eye or ajna chakra where in the Supreme Guru Shiva gives His commands to the devotee towards self-realization. If we attach importance to the usage of ‘netram’ (eye), it could mean the third eye or ajna chakra. In ajna chakra the two nadis ida and pingala meet the sushumna. Sushumna is considered as the Brahma nadi. Ida and pingala could mean jiva or soul. The merger of soul with the Brahman is called self-realization. Self-realization is indicated here. Soundarya Lahari begins by saying that Shiva cannot do anything without Shakthi. With this nama the verses about war with Bhandasura end. The mantra form of Lalitha begins from the next nama.

To understand more about Lalitha devi we have to look into manmatha to understand why devi was the life giving medicines.Manmatha or kamd deva as he is popularly known is also known as the god of love and he is the most handsome and best looking of all gods.He carries a bow made of sugarcane and a string of humming bees.He shoots with his bow the five flower tipped shafts of desire.His wife is Rati also the passion and his friend vasanta(spring)who selects the shaft to be used on the current victim.His vahana is parrot.He is the son of lakshmi and vishnu and he likes to wander around especially during spring time and uses his shafts indiscriminately on mostly innocent girls,married women and ascetic sages.

It was said that once a demon named Taraka tormented the devathas, so under the leadership of Indra went to vishnu for help.vishnu told them that only the seed of shiva could produce a fighter who could kill this demon,but shiva was in deep meditation so the deva’s requested Kama to break shiva’s penance.kama was highly flattered by all the gods and he boasted that he could conquer the mind of shiva within no time.kama consulted his wife rati who first didn’t approve but later agreed to accompany him to assist in his work.They set off to the himalayas along with vasanta and kama shoot an arrow at shiva.Shiva was disturbed and opened his eyes to see who had disturbed him in his penance and found kama deva standing there.In fury shiva opened his third eye and burned down kama to ashes.

After the slaying of Bandasura lalitha devi smiled at kameshwara and manmatha took rebirth. Rati and manmadha prostrated before the mother goddess and praised her. The mother goddess blessed them and told Rati “He will be born as the son of Sri Krishna, and his name will be Pradyumna. A demon named Sambara will carry him off and cast him into the sea. Having entered the body of a fish, he will re-appear in the food of Sambara. Go, take up your abode in the house of Sambara, and when your husband arrives, take him and bring him up; eventually he will slay Sambara and will live happily with you.” Acting on this advice, Rati became a servant in the house of the demon.

From the “Vishnu Purāna” we gather the completion of this story: When Pradyumna was but six days old, he was stolen from the lying-in chamber by Sambara, terrible as death; for the demon knew (having been told by the sage Nārada) that Pradyumna, if he lived would be his destroyer. Sambara cast him into the sea, the haunt of the huge creatures of the deep. A large fish swallowed him, and he was born again from his body: for the fish was caught by fishermen and by them delivered to the great asura, Sambara. His wife Māyādevi (the Bhāgavata says, servant), the mistress of his household, superintended the operations of the cooks, and, when the fish was cut open, saw a beautiful child.

Whilst wondering who this could be, and how it came there, Nārada appeared to satisfy her curiosity, and said to the graceful dame: “This is the son of him by whom the whole world is created and destroyed; the son of Vishnu, who was stolen by Sambara from the lying-in chamber, and tossed by him into the sea, where he was swallowed by the fish. He is now in thy power; do thou, beautiful woman, tenderly rear the jewel of mankind.” Thus counselled by Nārada, Māyādevi took charge of the boy, and carefully reared him from childhood, being fascinated by the beauty of his person. The affection became still more impassioned when he was decorated with the bloom of adolescence. The gracefully-moving Māyādevi, then fixing her heart and eyes upon the high-minded Pradyumna, gave him, whom she regarded as herself, all her magic and illustrative arts.

“Observing these. marks of passionate affection, the son of Krishna said to the lotus-eyed Māyādevi: ‘Why do you indulge in feelings so unbecoming the character of a mother? ” To which she replied: ‘Thou art not a son of mine; thou art the son of Vishnu, whom Kāla Sambara carried away and threw into the sea; thou wast swallowed by a fish, but wast rescued by me from its belly. Thy fond mother is still weeping for thee.’ When the valiant Pradyumna heard this, he was filled with wrath, and defied Sambara to battle. In the conflict the son of Mādhava slew the hosts of Sambara. Seven times he foiled the delusions of the enchanter, and, making himself master of the eighth, turned it against Sambara and killed him. By the same faculty he ascended into the air, and proceeded to his father’s house, where he alighted, along with Māyāvati, in the inner apartments. When the women beheld Pradyumna, they thought it was Krishna himself. Rukmini, her eyes dimmed with tears, spoke tenderly to him, and said: ‘Happy is she who has a son like this, in the bloom of youth. Such would be the age of my Pradyumna, if he were alive. Who is the fortunate mother adorned by thee? And yet from thy appearance, and from the affection I feel for thee, thou art assuredly the son of Hari.’

“At this moment Krishna and Nārada arrived; and the latter said to Rukmini: ‘This is thine own son, who has come hither after killing Sambara, by whom when an infant he was stolen. This is the virtuous Māyāvati,his wife, and not the wife of Sambara. Hear the reason. When Manmatha (Kāma), the deity of love, perished, the goddess of beauty, desirous to secure his revival, assumed a delusive form, and by her charms fascinated the demon Sambara, and exhibited herself to him in various illusory enjoyments. This thy son is the descended Kama; and this is the goddess Rati, his wife.”

Such is the story of manmatha and rati and all is well when devi is by our side. she knows what is best she knows everything and the reasons for it as well. Believe in her and trust her she will never let you down.

Previous Eighty Third Name Brahamopendra-mahendradi-devasamstuta-vaibhava

Next Eighty Fifth Name Srimadvagbhava-kootaika-swarupa-mukha-pankaja


Posted February 2, 2012 by UdayaBhaaskarBulusu

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