Sri Matre Namaha
Sri Lalitha Sahasranamam – Poorva Bhagam
As we have seen already in the introduction section, Sri Lalitha Maha Thrilokya Thripura Sundari, is the most renowned form of ParaDevatha or Matha.
Kali yuga is supposed to be the period when, Spiritual values will have least siginficance & people would be involved in sinful worldly activities & forget the worship of Para Devatha, who is Sarva Antharyamini or present in everything. The divine sage Agasthya, who was sent to the Vindhya Mountains for establishing the Dravidian language, Tamizh was very sad about discovering a simplest possible way for the salvation of the sinful souls at this KaliYuga. Some great souls like Agasthya Rishi do exist in this Universe, where people think of their own benefits & try to do harm to others. So with a disappointed heart the noble soul Agasthya started doing penance, meditating the divine Lord Hayagreeva. Lord Hayagreeva, was immensely pleased by the selfless deed of Agasthya Muni & came before him with his divine Chakram, divine conch Panchajanyam , all the Vedas & an Abhaya Mudra in his four hands respectively.Being immensely happy on the vision of Lord Hayagreeva, Agasthya asks his queries to him. The divine discussion or Samvadham occurs in the Bhramhanda Puranam. Sri Hayagreeva, discusses various Sahasranamams like Manthrini Sahasranamam & Dhandini Sahasranamam. Lord Hayagreeva, also discussed the Birth of Sri Lalithambika, her Crowning or Pattabhishekam, The destruction of the demon Bhandasura, the importance of Matha’s 15-lettered syllable, Panchadashakshari & also her divine abode SriPuram.
The context of this Poorva Bhagam has been described in the Introduction part earlier. Here, the important verses of Poorva Bhagam has been discussed.
Being overjoyed by the conversation with Lord Hayagreeva & out of the curiosity & anxiety to know Sri Lalitha Sahasranamam, Sri Agasthya says to Lord Hayagreeva as follows:
Asvanana Mahabhuddhe Sarva Shasthra Visharadha
Kathitham Lalitha Devyaha Charitham paramadhbuham
Meaning : Oh!Horse faced ,Wise & the learner of all Shasthras, U had told me the history of Lalitha Devi, which was very blissful & miraculous!!
Poorvam prathue Bhavo Mathur Thatha Pattabhishechanam
Bhandasura Vadhaha Chaiva Vistarena Thvayodithaha
Meaning : First, U told me about the birth of Matha & then about her crowning. Then we also saw her destruction of the demon Bhandasura elaborately.
Varnitham Sripuram Chapi MahaVibhavavistharam
Sri Panchadahsaksharya mahima Varnisthaha Thatha
Meaning : Then you described Sripuram, which is Matha’s divine abode & also the siginificance & greatness of the fifteen-lettered syllable of Sri Matha the Pancha Dashakshari.
Manthrini Dandini Devyoho Prokthe Nama Sahasrake
Nathu Sri Lalitha Devyaha Proktham Nama Sahasrakam
Meaning : You had told me the Sahasranamams of Sri Manthrini Devi & also that of Sri Dandini Devi, but you had not told me the divine Sahasranamam of Sri Laithambika
Mamava Yogyatha Nasthi Srethum Nama Sahasrakam
Kim Artham Bhavatha Noktham Thathra Me Karanam Vadha
Meaning : I think I am not dignified enough to hear the divine 1000 names of Sri Lalithambika.Please tell me the reason of your not telling me the Sahasranamam.
So, Saint Agasthya feels guilty that, he is not dignified to know Sri Lalitha Sahasranamam, is spite of being a purest soul. So Lord Hayagreeva consoles him in the following verses & gives him the wisdom of knowing Sri Laitha Sahasranamam.
LopaMudhra Pathe Agasthya Savadhana Mana Shrunu
namnam Sahasram Yathroktham Karanam Thadhami Thei
Meaning : Hey Agasthya! Hey Husband of the great lady Lopamudra! Please listen to my words with a peaceful mind.
Rahasyam Ithi Mathvaham Nokthavamsthe na Chanyatha
Punascha Pruchathe Bakthya Thasmatha Thathe Vadamyaham
Brooyath Shaishyaya Bakthaya Rahasyam Abhi Deshika
Bhavatha Na Pradheyam Syadha bakthaya Kadhachana
Meaning : Any Guru will not tell the secrets or give Manthra Upadesham to his disciple, until his disciple shows his devotion & interest in knowing the same. In the following verses Sri Hayagreeva discusses the greatness of Sri laitha Sahasranamam & the prerequisites of a person, who chants the same , chants Pancha Dashakshari & does Sri Vidya Upasana.
Na Shadaya Na Dustaya Na Vishvasaya Karhichith
Sri Mathru Bakthi Yukthaya SriVidhya Raja Vedhine
Upasakaya Shudhaya Dheyam Nama Sahasrakam
yani nama Sahasrani Sadhya Siddhi Pradhanicha
Meaning :The devotee who chants Sri Laitha Sahasranamam should be filled with devotion for the Sri Matha & should not be a bad person(dhushta) & should not be reluctant(Avishvasam). Such a person would get all the Siddhis as an effect of chanting Sri Matha’s names.
Puranam SriPuram iva Shakthynam Lalitha Thatha
SriVidhyo Upasakanam Cha Thatha Deva Paraha Shivaha
Thatha Nama Sahasreshu Paramethath Prakirthitham
Yathasya patanath Devi Priyathe Lalithambika
Meaning : Sri Puram is the greatest of all the cities, Sri Vidya is the greatest of all Upasanas, Sri Lalithamba & Lord ParaShiva are the greatest of all the deities. Sri Lalitha Sahasranamam is the greatest of all the Keerthanam or songs, reading which Laitha Devi is immensely pleased.
Bhilva Pathraihi Chakraraje Yo Archayeth Lalithambikam
Padhmair Va Thulasi Pushpair Ebir Nama Sahasrakaihi
Sadhyaha Prasadham Kuruthe Thasya Simhasaneswari
Chakraraja Mabyrchya Japthva Pancha Dashaksharim
Meaning : Sri Lalithambika should be worshipped with Bhilva leaves, Thulasi leaves & Lotus flowers. The Sri Chakram, which is the divine abode of Sri Matha & is the king of all the chakras (Chakra raja) should also be worshipped & the Pancha Dashakshari Manthram, which is the King of all the Manthras(Manthra Raja) should be chanted.
After explaining the importance of Sri Lalithambika & her Sahasranamam, Lord Hayagreeva tells the actual Sahasranamam to Saint Agasthya.
Om Aim Hreem Sreem Sri Mathre Nama