Sri Matre Namaha
Shiva – The Fifty Third name in Lalitha Sahasranamam.
The Consort of Shiva, whose Power She is
Sivasya iyam siva:
She is the power of Siva. The word Siva is derived from vas meaning to desire. Hence, she herself is the desire of Siva. The SvAg explains the meaning of Siva thus” “who is a witness to the modifications (of the mind, who exists before the arising of such modification; who is present is present in every modification that is about to rise; who is the cause of the sensation, who is the support of all false and inner matter, who is consciousness itself; who is the beloved of all; who is bliss itself; who is the means of obtaining all; who is connected with all; the omnipresent is called Siva. The self shining pure being who is devoid of the distribution of Jiva, Isa etc is Siva.
Because she does good, She is called Siva
Sete asmin sarvam
That in which everything rests
sivah gunah santi asyam
who possesses excellent qualities
That which makes everything calm. As Bharta says, ” Because he fulfills action (of men) intending their good (Siva) he is known as Siva. O, gods, the Danavas and the Devas are the same to me. I do good (Siva) to all beings. Hence I am known as Siva. Even Sruti says that the one who is the origin of all dwells in every womb, in whom all this is involved.
She is identical with Siva.
” As is Siva so is Devi, hence as the notions are the same, Devi is called Siva. In another place in the same book, it is said, “In reality there is no difference between Uma and Sankara; one has assumed 2 forms. There is no doubt about this. In SuSam it is said , “she is Siva, she is supreme Devi, one with Siva and the doer of good”.
Siva may mean the wife of Vayu.
” The great god Isana who pervades the whole universe the supporter of all beings is called Vayu, in his aspect as Wind God. His wife is called Siva. In the Vayu Purana, Vayu is also the fourth body of Isana, his wife is Siva and his son Manojava
Sivam Dadati iti
She who bestows salvation
Siva is Salvation and she bestows salvation to Yogins.
She works for god (Siva). Hence she is known as Siva
Men worship Devi to reach Siva.
She is Siva. In the agamas, we read, “As heat is to Fire. light is to Sun and as moonlight is to the moon, so is Siva to Siva
There is no difference between Shiva and Shakthi; hence she is called as Shiva. Shiva also means auspiciousness. She is the embodiment of auspiciousness. She is the iccha form of Shiva. There are three types of shkathis – iccha (desire), jnana (knowledge) and kriya (action). Since Shiva is the Brahman and as such He does not have any desires. But his iccha form is reflected in the form Lalitha. Here desire means desire to self-realization. “Yata Shiva –tata Devi; Yata Devi- tata Shiva” is the saying. Wherever Shiva is there will be Shakthi and wherever Shakthi is there will be Shiva. That is why it is said there is no difference between Shiva and Shakthi. Elsewhere it is said that Parvathi and Parameshwara cannot separate from each other. This is compared to the in-separation of a word and its meaning. They are considered as father and mother of the universe. Scriptures say that there is no difference between Uma (Shakthi) and Shankara (Shiva). Shankari is the wife of Shiva and is known as Shiva Shankari. She is the maya shakthi that is connected to one’s consciousness. How does she look like? She is knowledgeable, self-illuminating (remember our discussions on self-illuminating Brahman), without qualities, the cause of destruction of samsara (desires and related issues) and the bliss. She is Shiva the supreme Devi, the ocean of mercy and compassion. Men who have intellect get everything out of her. There are two important points mentioned here. One is Lalitha is no way different from Shiva. Both Shiva and shakthi are in a single form only. Only out of ignorance, we worship them as two separate individuals. Secondly, assuming that we continue to worship her individual form that has been described in the above verses, still we get all auspicious things. We will discuss more on this in the subsequent namas also.